The ruins of Roman colonies lay scattered around the world, and while history tried its best to level them, they continue to influence even today. Of course, the city of Rome may be host to some of the most seen and recognized ruins, but travelers owe it to themselves to step off the beaten path and experience truly untouched marvels. For this, look no further than Algeria! With ancient Roman ruins on rolling hills, beaches, and beyond, visitors can experience the might of these ancient yet persisting pockets of civilization.
Standing since 100 AD, Timgad rests in the Aures Mountains where one can wander among the perfectly planned compound. One of the major achievements here is the early use of grid planning which still exists today in cities like New York. While many Roman settlements also used this strict yet convenient planning, Timgad is one of the largest intact areas that allows visitors to comprehend just how great an achievement it is. Many of these buildings were originally produced with grand stone; today, the ruins remain strong yet burnt against the Sahara sun. While one can see traces of the ancient library, marvelous pillars, and rows of housing, the most amazing aspect of it all is witnessing a true fossil of a once thriving civilization. Timgad is historical travel at its greatest!
In stark contrast to Timgad’s barren plains, Tipaza is a beachfront settlement that offers ancient ruins alongside idyllic warm sand beaches. Originally used as a trading post and military colony by the Roman Empire, Tipaza eventually became somewhat of a normal city while still under Roman rule in the fourth century. Featuring at least three basilicas, the city was eventually leveled by the Vandals leaving it in ruin for at least 100 years. Around 530 AD, the Byzantines attempted to recreate the city’s vast and spiritual reverence, but by the mid 700’s, the city was again sacked, this time by the Arabs. Now, these final ruins lay at rest under UNESCO protection to allow visitors the chance to see history in a surprisingly colorful paradise. Tipaza is one of the few destinations where a history book is allowed at the beach!
Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania
The Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania may not be as vast as the other ruins on this list, but it is equally important and fascinating. The monument rests at the end of a road between Algiers and Cherchell, and while the stone facade and pillars may appear extremely worn, it’s only because this giant tomb has been standing since 3 BC. It contains the remains of the King of Mauretania, Juba II, along with his wife Cleopatra Selene II of Egypt. Some historians believe that this tomb lay the blueprint for the tomb of Augustus, the first Roman Emperor. Today, travelers are lucky to catch a glimpse of this extremely ancient monument. As if time were not cruel enough, the monument was also under attack by French and Arab armies, who occasionally used the site as target practice. Today, it stands rugged and tall to give a glimpse into an often forgotten world.
Cuicul is one of the most exotic ruins on the list, and it’s not just because of the countless arches, churches, and even full streets left behind. Cuicul remains an exotic and perplexing area because it features ancient Roman architecture resting on vast sloping hills in northern Algeria. Unlike most ruins, this city was not continuously sacked throughout the years, and even the later Arab conquerors named it “Beautiful.” Visitors can find a wonderfully preserved theater, forum, the Arch of Caracalla, and other prime examples of Roman architecture featured elegantly along the sweeping hills of a forgotten region.
Madauros’ ruins may be more rugged than others, but they are equally as beautiful. The town became a colony right before the second century, and it gave way to many artists and thinkers throughout the Roman Empire. While many of the buildings lay in ruins after Arab conquests in the 7th century, visitors can find rustic glimpses of basilicas, theaters, statues, and Latin inscribed epitaphs. Madauros is not the grandest ruin site, and it doesn’t feature the breathtaking nature of Tipaza, but it still provides a cultural punch for those with historical wanderlust.
While these may be the top ruins in Algeria, there are countless areas scattered throughout the country that are guaranteed to excite!